Shapes  Formula 
Rectangle: Area = Length X Width A = lw Perimeter = 2 X Lengths + 2 X Widths 

Parallelogram Area = Base X Height a = bh 

Triangle Area = 1/2 of the base X the height a = 1/2 bh Perimeter = a + b + c (add the length of the three sides) 
Trapezoid
Perimeter = area + b1 + b2 + c
P = a + b1 + b2 + cCircle Try the Online tool.
The distance around the circle is a circumference. The distance across the circle is the diameter (d). The radius (r) is the distance from the center to a point on the circle. (Pi = 3.14) More aboutcircles.
d = 2r
c = pd = 2 pr
A = pr2
(p=3.14)
Rectangular Solid
Volume = Length X Width X Height
V = lwh
Surface = 2lw + 2lh + 2whPrisms
Volume = Base X Height
v=bh
Surface = 2b + Ph (b is the area of the base P is the perimeter of the base)Cylinder
Volume = pr2 x height
V = pr2 h
Surface = 2p radius x height
S = 2prh + 2pr2Pyramid
V = 1/3 bh
b is the area of the base
Surface Area: Add the area of the base to the sum of the areas of all of the triangular faces. The areas of the triangular faces will have different formulas for different shaped bases.Cones
Volume = 1/3 pr2 x height
V= 1/3 pr2h
Surface = pr2 + prs
S = pr2 + prs
=pr2 + prSphere
Volume = 4/3 pr3
V = 4/3 pr3
Surface = 4pr2
S = 4pr2
for more information please visit http://math.about.com/library/blmeasurement.htm
Math Vocabulary
absolute value
The distance of a number from zero; the positive value of a number.
acute angle
A positive angle measuring less than 90 degrees.
acute triangle
A triangle each of whose angles measures less than 90 degrees.
additive identity
The number zero is called the additive identity because the sum of zero and any number is that number
adjacent angles
Two angles that share both a side and a vertex.
angle
The union of two rays with a common endpoint, called the vertex.
arc
A portion of the circumference of a circle.
area
The number of square units that covers a shape or figure.
average
A number that represents the characteristics of a data set.
axis of symmetry
A line that passes through a figure in such a way that the part of the figure on one side of the line is a mirror reflection of the part on the other side of the line.
base
The bottom of a plane figure or threedimensional figure.
Bisect
To divide into two congruent parts.
Box and whisker plot
A type of data plot that displays the quartiles and range of a data set.
Cartesian coordinates
A system in which points on a plane are identified by an ordered pair of numbers, representing the distances to two or three perpendicular axes.
central angle
An angle that has its vertex at the center of a circle.
circumference
The distance around a circle.
coefficient
A constant that multiplies a variable.
common multiple
A multiple of two or more numbers
commutative property of multiplication
a*b = b*a.
congruent
Figures or angles that have the same size and shape.
coordinate plane
The plane determined by a horizontal number line, called the xaxis, and a vertical number line, called the yaxis, intersecting at a point called the origin. Each point in the coordinate plane can be specified by an ordered pair of numbers.
cylinder
A threedimensional figure having two parallel bases that are congruent circles.
data
Information that is gathered.
dependent events
Two events in which the outcome of the second is influenced by the outcome of the first.
difference
The result of subtracting two numbers.